first_imgLiverpool manager Jurgen Klopp has revealed that Emre Can will not be available for the squad in their trip to Crystal Palace in SaturdayThe midfielder was withdraw from international duty, earlier this week, after struggling with a back problem that he sustained during Liverpool’s 5-0 win over Watford.While ruling out a long absence from the squad for Can, Klopp did admit that his compatriot will be unavailable for his side against the struggling Palace.“Emre is out for the weekend.” said  Klopp, according to club website.“[He is] getting better and better and better, much better. Hopefully he can have a normal session with us on Sunday morning and then should be fine again.”Joe Gomez will also be out with an ankle problem, while Nathaniel Clyne is now ready to return to the senior side for the first time since pre-season.divock origi, liverpoolReport: Origi cause Klopp injury concerns George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Divock Origi injury in today’s game against Newcastle is a cause for concern for Jurgen Klopp.Perhaps with one eye on Tuesday’s trip to Italy…“Clyney is back. He played last week for the U23s. One or two games more would be nice but the situation is like it is. We have Clyney.” said the German.“I said yesterday to the boys that we lost Joe but finally we got Clyney back. He has been back for a few weeks already but he has come closer and closer. He is a very good option.”The other good news for Klopp is that both Dominic Solanke and Andy Robertson are expected to be available for Liverpool on Saturday, as well.“He is fine and will be fine today, I hope. After training I’ll know more about that.” Klopp said on Solanke.And of Robertson, he added: “It was a dead leg, no problem.”last_img read more

first_img Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp ALERT # 2 ON POTENTIAL TROPICAL CYCLONE NINE ISSUED BY THE BAHAMAS DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY THURSDAY 12TH SEPTEMBER, 2019 AT 9 PM EDT Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppBahamas, March 4, 2017 – Nassau – A COLD FRONT CONTINUES TO PUSH THROUGH THE NORTHWEST BAHAMAS AS STRONG HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS OVER THE BAHAMAS THROUGH THE WEEKEND.SPECIAL WARNINGS: BEACHGOERS AND MARINERS SHOULD BE ALERT FOR ROUGH SURF CONDITIONS AND DANGEROUS RIP CURRENTS ALONG NORTH AND EAST COAST BEACHES. FOR NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL BAHAMASWEATHER: INCREASING CLOUDINESS WITH SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS AS THE FRONT MOVES THROUGH BECOMING CLOUDY AND WINDY TONIGHT.ADVISORY: SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY COMES INTO EFFECT BEHIND THE FRONT.WINDS: VARIABLE AT 10 KNOTS VEERING NORTHEAST TO EAST AT 20 TO 30 KNOTS.SEAS: 3 FEET OR LESS BUILDING 8 TO 12 FEET WITH WINDS AND SEAS HIGHER IN THUNDERSTORMS.FOR SOUTHEAST BAHAMASWEATHER: MOSTLY SUNNY AND WARM TODAY; MILD TONIGHT.WINDS: SOUTHEAST TO SOUTH AT 15 KNOTS.SEAS: 3 TO 5 FEET OVER THE OCEAN.DAYTIME HIGH TEMP.:        90°F    32°COVERNIGHT LOW TEMP.:   68°F    20°CSUNSET: 6:31PM FRI.                    SUNRISE:      06:30AM SAT.MOONSET: 11:31PM FRI.              MOONRISE: 11:00AM SAT.LOW TIDE: 5:30PM FRI.              HIGH TIDE: 11:51PM FRI.WEATHER OUTLOOK: CONTINUING CLOUDY AND WINDY THROUGH THE WEEKEND. PERSONS ALONG THE NORTH AND EAST COAST CAN EXPECT LARGE BREAKING WAVES PUSHING WATER AND SAND INLAND AND OVER COASTAL ROADS.   Related Items:#magneticmedianews Electricity Cost of Service Study among the big agenda items at September 11 Cabinet meeting The Luxury of Grace Bay in Down Town Provolast_img read more

first_imgNational City World Cup fans asked not to celebrate in streets Posted: June 26, 2018 June 26, 2018 KUSI Newsroom, KUSI Newsroom NATIONAL CITY (KUSI) – Police are asking soccer fans to avoid celebrating in National City’s roadways ahead of Wednesday’s World Cup match between Mexico and Sweden.Fans have congregated on Highland Avenue following recent games. Most celebrated peacefully, though some left the safety of sidewalks and parking lots and went into the street.“Those types of actions are not only dangerous for fans, but motorists who may have to maneuver around fans and other vehicles,” the National City Police Department said.Mexico will face off against Sweden on Wednesday at 7 a.m. after beating South Korea 2-1 and Germany 1-0.Related: National City fans flood the streets to celebrate Mexico victory in World Cup Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitterlast_img read more

first_imgMcGuirl, who has overseen the production launch of O, The Oprah Magazine, and the print processes and quality control of all Hearst titles including Food Network Magazine, has been integral in further testing for fully compliant PDFX4 files, which improves system and process times. Another initiative he finds important is to ”raise the awareness among the ad community about the importance of including the ISO 12647-7 Digital Control Strip on their supplied proofs for better print predictability.”VITAL STATS: Hearst Magazines’ manufacturing and production efficiencies have seen $1 million in realized savings from 2005-2006; since then, McGuirl says they have continued to see “significant savings” in their advancement of workflow technologies. In the early part of the decade, Hearst Magazines recognized the necessity of rebuilding its workflow.These new workflow implementations included assigning each magazine a digital imaging specialist, creating a color-managed environment, providing basic color-theory training for all of its art and production departments and analyzing each department’s workflow, along with other changes.William McGuirl, who has been with Hearst Magazines for more than 15 years, was key in implementing these upgrades, which ultimately resulted in a realized savings of $1 million within a year from when the 2005 efficiencies were put in place. When in 2006 McGuirl took over the role as director of quality assurance, he cites continued “significant savings” from these processes.Hearst Magazines was one of the forerunners to use a completely virtual K4 workflow for all of its titles to create post-production, press-ready digital files, has eliminated pre-media proofing. “Hearst is currently involved with virtual proofing and we are testing the waters with three printers: Quebecor World, Brown and Quad,” says McGuirl. The publisher hasn’t incurred huge costs by implementing the technology, he says.last_img read more

first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — Below are some of the newest job openings in Wilmington:Full-Time Early Education & Child Care Teacher at Little SproutsFull-Time National Accounts Ecommerce Specialist at UniFirstFull-Time/Part-Time Cashier at Panera BreadFull-Time/Part-Time Food Services Associate at Panera BreadFull-Time Comfort Advisor at Super Service Today, Inc.Temporary Full-TIme Nanny For 2 Wilmington ChildrenFull-Time Order Checker at Arrow Paper Co.Part-Time Package Handler at FedEx GroundFull-Time Realtor at ERA Key Realty ServicesFull-Time Director of Quality Engineering at MKS Instruments(NOTE: Wilmington businesses — Feel free to send me your job postings at wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedNOW HIRING: 10 New Job Openings In WilmingtonIn “Business”NOW HIRING: 10 New Job Openings In WilmingtonIn “Business”NOW HIRING: 10 Job Openings In WilmingtonIn “Business”last_img read more

first_imgShawn Mendes opted to celebrate his 21st birthday with his rumoured boo Camila Cabello. It is not surprising, considering how they have been spending way too much time together.The two singers were spotted on the streets of New York City, holding hands and walking alongside each other. They seemed pretty energetic as they strolled the city streets.An eyewitness told E! News that Camila was rather “giggly and kinda all over Shawn. She saw a store she wanted to go into, pointed at it and wanted to go in and so he stayed outside while she went inside and he was on the phone”.After reuniting post their break, Camila and Shawn’s stroll continued as they were laughing and talking. “Both Shawn and Camila were laughing and talking a lot,” the eyewitness added.The two have been inseparable ever since the news of them being together first surfaced. In fact, on their Miami vacation, things got kind of raunchy between them as Shawn and Camila engaged in some public make-out session. Shawn Mendes and Camila Cabello in a still from Senorita music videoTwitter”It already feels to them like they’ve been together for a lot longer than they have,” a source previously told E! News. “They’ve known each other and been a part of each other’s lives for a while so it’s all very natural and moving quickly,” added the source.Another insider revealed, “Neither of them want to be away from each other. She has the opportunity to be there with him and she’s taking it.”While neither of them wishes to comment on what’s cooking, they certainly don’t mind letting the speculations take over social media. In fact, their constant kissing in public and being super romantic has many believe that perhaps they are only doing this for the media attention.#CamilaCabello and #ShawnMendes celebrate his 21st birthday out shopping together in New York City!?‍??‍????????https://t.co/hDQdxrUbMe pic.twitter.com/u3P0HiR2gj— World Music Awards (@WORLDMUSICAWARD) August 9, 2019 Shawn Mendes and Camila CabelloTwitterSeems very unlikely as they look like they are in love. Not to mention the connection they have had for so long now. They wouldn’t jeopardise all this for media attention, right? Speculations will only be put to rest once either of them admits or denies.last_img read more

first_imgIll-gotten money. Illustration: Prothom Alo Experts have questioned the move by the Anti Corruption Commission not to file cases against anybody who returns ill-gotten wealth.Although there is no law or provision in the country to this end, the ACC has made this move, aiming to retrieve Tk 140 million.Experts said that such measures will encourage the corruption.According to ACC, under this process, it made a breakthrough by retrieving Tk 130 million from Hallmark group.Besides, victims have got back Tk 9.83 million in 10 different cases through the mediation of ACC. In context of corruption, though, this amount is negligible.ACC chairman Iqbal Mahmood also admits there are legal questions in this regard.Speaking to Prothom Alo, Iqbal Mahmood said, “We will take measures based on circumstances pertaining to each case. We have to analyse the cost benefits. We have to take reality into consideration, as well as consider legality and ethics.”Executive director of Transparency International Bangladesh Ifthekharuzzaman said, “It is not acceptable either from an ethical or legal point of view. During 1/11 we opposed the idea of Truth Commission. Such a measure can’t act as a prevention of corruption after the institution fails to establish justice.”Former chairman of ACC Ghulam Rahman said although not permanently, a law named ‘plea bargain’ can be formulated. But, still there will be questions of legality.Nakshi Knit of Hallmark returned money in one of its three cases. Later, it decided not to return money. Two cases of Knit are underway.On 9 November, assistant manager of Sonali Bank Subrato Kumar Das told ACC director that it had received Tk 327.50 million due such action against Nakshi Knit.ACC lawyer Khurshid Alam Khan said although the process is questioned, ACC took a decision on Tk 130 million with Hallmark. Although it is not legal, ACC and the court gave consent on the matter. If the legality is challenged at the High Court, the decision will be cancelled.Despite a verdict by the Appellate Division in March last, the government did not return Tk 12.32 billion collected by the intelligence agencies during the army backed caretaker government in 2007. Besides, Tk 340 million collected by the Truth Commission is lying in the government exchequer.On condition of anonymity, an official at Bangladesh Bank (BB) said the central bank sent a letter to the government to implement a verdict on returning Tk 6.15 billion. But the central bank did not get any reply.Speaking to Prothom Alo, lawyer of BB Ameer-ul-Islam said a review petition has been filed against the verdict on returning Tk 6.15 billion collected from 40 businessmen. Preparations are on for the hearing.According to ACC, the anti-graft body sees some sort of success in recovering money embezzled by illegal means. The lion share of Tk 40 billion of BASIC Bank and Tk 26.86 billion of Hallmark is similar to embezzlement. Although these are loans in name, everything points to forgery.The ACC chairman said they have recovered Tk 11.48 billion from Hallmark and BASIC Bank, not by assuring that cases against them would be withdrawn. But it is true Tk 130 million was collected from Nakshi Knit of Hallmark in 2014 on a condition that cases will not be filed against them.ACC helps get back moneyA terminated cashier of the Dhaka Power Distribution Company Limited (DPDC) returned Tk 3.3 million to the company until 6 November. He confessed his involvement in taking bribe to a director general of ACC.A person gave Tk 5 million to a ruling Awami League member of parliament for investing in a business. But the MP simply kept the money. Later, ACC helped the victim get back Tk 2 million of the amount. Subir Kanti, an employee of a private organisation, gave more than Tk 1 million to a real estate company for purchasing a flat. The company, however, deceived him and did not hand over the flat. Later, Subir got back Tk 3 million in just 24 hours with the help of ACC.The office of the assistant commissioner of land (AC-Land) in Dhanmondi returned Tk 120,000 taken as a bribe for mutation of a flat as ACC intervened.The ACC also made a private dental college in Dhaka return Tk 400,000 taken as an advance for admissions.The anti-graft watchdog received a phone call recently claiming a Banani school was charging extra fees illegally. The headmaster of the school was made to return Tk 368,000 instantly by the ACC.According to ACC officials, the victims want to get back their money taken forcefully and unethically, alongside trial of the accused. When ACC Chairman Iqbal Mahmud was reminded that they are catching small fish, he told Prothom Alo, ”Commoners are affected most by small fish. But, when we’ll be capable, we’ll net the big fish too.”Sole exampleIn past 10 years, the government managed to take back a small amount of money from a public servant through the apex court. On 6 April 2016, ATM Nazim Ullah Chowdhury escaped impriosnment by submitting Tk 684,000 to the state treasury.Asked about poor state of restoring embezzled money, attorney general Mahbubey Alam told Prothom Alo that the corrupt try their utmost to delay, resist and derail the trial.A special kind of prosecution team is needed to quicken the trials, he added.Bribery in ACCThe anti-graft watchdog, ironically, had to terminate one and suspend two of its officials recently for taking bribes and indulging in corruption.The ACC suspended one of its additional directors for amassing wealth amounting to Tk 50 million beyond the known source of income.An investigation officer of ACC was fired as he lodged a case against one  person instead of 10. According to a report of Transparency International Bangladesh, the amount of bribe was Tk 54.4 billion in 2007 which rose to Tk 88.2 billion in 2015.TIB executive director Iftekharuzzaman said, ”Today is International Anti-Corruption Day. The government has decided to observe the day nationally.””Recently ruling Awami League general secretary Obaidul Quader said if politicians don’t get involved in corruption, corruption would be 50 per cent less. I can see a political will from his statement. To benefit from this, we have to avoid indulging corruption,” he added.*This report, originally published in Prothom Alo print edition, has been rewritten in English by Rabiul Islam and Imam Hossain.last_img read more

first_imgIndian’s state minister for external affairs MJ Akbar has said the Bangladesh government is committed to taking stern action against those who attacked Hindu minorities in the country.”The government of Bangladesh has made it clear that it takes these attacks very seriously and is committed to take [sic] stern action against perpetrators,” he said while responding to a question over attacks on minorities.In November last year, there were attacks committed on the Hindu villagers of Horkoli Thakurpara, Rangpur.The attackers burned down at least 30 Hindu houses following a Hindu youth had allegedly posted objectionable content relating to Islam on Facebook.MJ Akbar said in the lower house of India’s bicameral parliament on Wednesday that it is the responsibility of the government of Bangladesh and the government of Pakistan to discharge their obligations towards their respective citizens, including protection of their places of worship.”The government of India takes up the matter at a bilateral level, both with the government of Bangladesh and with the government of Pakistan,” he said.The questioner wanted to know whether there has been substantial increase in the incidents of attacks on minority Hindus living in neighbouring countries and whether the Indian government has formulated any action plan to express its resentment in this regard, according to the external affairs ministry.MJ Akbar said reports of attacks on members of minority communities in Bangladesh and Pakistan, including some incidents of forced conversion in Pakistan have come to the attention of the government.Information has been received from Bangladesh that some houses and a few temples of the Hindu community were also vandalised, he said.last_img read more

first_imgrangamatiA member of United People’s Democratic Front (UPDF) was hacked to death by some miscreants at his residence in Bagaichhari upazila on early Sunday.The deceased was identified as Natun Moni Chakma, 42, of Balukhali village.United People’s Democratic Front or UPDF is a regional political party representing ethnic people that opposed the Chittagong Hill Tracts peace treaty signed in 1997 to bring an end to insurgency.Local people said some miscreants hacked dead Natun Moni with sharp weapons when he was sleeping at his yard.On information, the police recovered the body in the morning and sent to Khagrachhari Hospital morgue for autopsy.However, the police could not immediately ascertain who the mastermind and assailants are, according to officer-in-charge of Baghaichhari police station Amir Hossain.last_img read more

first_imgUS Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump (L) shakes hands with Jerry Falwell Jr. at a campaign rally in Council Bluffs, Iowa, January 31, 2016.Months before evangelical leader Jerry Falwell Jr.’s game-changing presidential endorsement of Donald Trump in 2016, Falwell asked Trump fixer Michael Cohen for a personal favor, Cohen said in a recorded conversation reviewed by Reuters.Falwell, president of Liberty University, one of the world’s largest Christian universities, said someone had come into possession of what Cohen described as racy “personal” photographs — the sort that would typically be kept “between husband and wife,” Cohen said in the taped conversation.According to a source familiar with Cohen’s thinking, the person who possessed the photos destroyed them after Cohen intervened on the Falwells’ behalf.The Falwells, through a lawyer, declined to comment for this article.Cohen, who began a three-year prison sentence this week for federal campaign violations and lying to Congress, recounted his involvement in the matter in a recording made surreptitiously by comedian Tom Arnold on 25 March. Portions of the recording — in which Cohen appeared to disavow parts of his guilty plea — were first reported on 24 April by The Wall Street Journal.The Falwells enlisted Cohen’s help in 2015, according to the source familiar with Cohen’s thinking, the year Trump announced his presidential candidacy. At the time, Cohen was Trump’s confidant and personal lawyer, and he worked for the Trump Organization.The Falwells wanted to keep “a bunch of photographs, personal photographs” from becoming public, Cohen told Arnold. “I actually have one of the photos,” he said, without going into specifics. “It’s terrible.”Cohen would later prove successful in another matter involving Falwell, two people familiar with the matter told Reuters. Cohen helped persuade Falwell to issue his endorsement of Trump’s presidential candidacy at a critical moment, they said: just before the Iowa caucuses. Falwell subsequently barnstormed with Trump and vouched for the candidate’s Christian virtues.Reuters has no evidence that Falwell’s endorsement of Trump was related to Cohen’s involvement in the photo matter. The source familiar with Cohen’s thinking insisted the endorsement and the help with the photographs were separate issues.Cohen’s connection to the Falwells sheds light on the formidable alliance between Trump and a man who, through his university, is one of the most influential evangelical figures in America. Falwell’s backing helped galvanize evangelicals and persuaded many Christians concerned about Trump’s past behavior to embrace him as a repentant sinner.Falwell’s support for Trump has not wavered throughout the New York celebrity-politician’s own tribulations, including the Access Hollywood recording of Trump talking about grabbing women’s genitals and payoffs made by Cohen to hide Trump’s extramarital affairs. This past weekend, Falwell tweeted that “Trump should have 2 yrs added to his 1st term” to make up for the two years of the Mueller investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 US presidential election.Blockbuster EndorsementFalwell’s endorsement of Trump, however, did surprise some students and staff at Liberty University, the school in Lynchburg, Virginia, founded by Falwell’s father, Jerry. It was at Liberty where fellow Republican presidential candidate and major Trump rival Ted Cruz had chosen to launch his campaign the previous year. Cruz’s father was an evangelical preacher, much like Falwell’s father; Trump has been married three times and divorced twice. For years, prior to running for president, Trump boasted of his sexual exploits and supported a host of social positions, such as abortion rights, that run counter to beliefs espoused by Falwell.Although Falwell declined interview requests for this story, he has said repeatedly that he endorsed Trump because Trump was the strongest candidate, had significant experience running a business, and had the right vision for the country.The connection between Trump and Falwell goes back years. In 2012, Trump gave the convocation at Liberty University. One link between Trump and the couple appears to have been Cohen, a now-disbarred New York lawyer who formed a close bond with the Falwells.During the campaign, Cohen worked closely with Liberty University to help promote Trump’s candidacy. It was around that time that Cohen heard from the Falwells about the photographs, said the source familiar with Cohen’s thinking.The Falwells told Cohen that someone had obtained photographs that were embarrassing to them, and was demanding money, the source said. Reuters was unable to determine who made the demand. The source said Cohen flew to Florida and soon met with an attorney for the person with the photographs. Cohen spoke with the attorney, telling the lawyer that his client was committing a crime, and that law enforcement authorities would be called if the demands didn’t stop, the source said.The matter was soon resolved, the source said, and the lawyer told Cohen that all of the photographs were destroyed.Months later, in early 2016, Trump faced what seemed like an enormous challenge. The Iowa caucus was coming up, and Cohen — then deeply loyal to Trump — was concerned about how Trump would fare, the source said. Cohen felt Trump “was being slaughtered in that community,” and “didn’t want to see him embarrassed or, you know, without support,” said the source familiar with Cohen’s thinking. Cohen repeatedly reached out to Jerry Falwell, and pleaded with him to back Trump, the source said.Soon after, according to this account, Falwell made his historic announcement. “I am proud to offer my endorsement of Donald J. Trump for president of the United States,” Falwell was quoted saying in a statement issued by the Trump campaign. “He is a successful executive and entrepreneur, a wonderful father and a man who I believe can lead our country to greatness again.”last_img read more

first_img Share wikimedia commonsU.S. Southern Command, Commander Gen. John F. Kelly briefs the media on the current state of USSOUTHCOM affairs, March 20, 2013. (DoD photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Chad J. McNeeley/Released)“Dreamers” protected by an Obama-era program that President Donald Trump has said will end on March 5 are not top targets for deportation as long as they lack criminal records, the White House chief of staff said Tuesday.John Kelly also dismissed the idea of a short-term extension of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program beyond March 5 to give the administration and Congress more time to work out compromise legislation.“What makes them act is pressure,” he said of Congress.Kelly’s remarks, to a small group of reporters at the Capitol, came as lawmakers have deadlocked in an effort to reach a bipartisan deal on protecting from deportation recipients of the program, called DACA. Barring a last-minute agreement — which seems unlikely — Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., has said his chamber will begin considering the issue, a debate that GOP leaders expect to start next week.A federal judge has indefinitely blocked Trump from terminating DACA’s protections for the so-called Dreamers, who were brought to the U.S. as children and are living here illegally. The program shields them from deportation and gives them the right to hold jobs.Many lawmakers are uneasy about what might happen to the Dreamers after March 5, and Democrats — and Trump himself — are using that uncertainty as leverage to help force a deal. Kelly’s remarks seemed aimed at easing worries that major deportations of Dreamers could begin right away.He described a lengthy legal process that often takes years that immigrants in the U.S. illegally face before they are deported. He said an immigrant here illegally who doesn’t commit crimes “never comes onto anyone’s scope.”He added, “They are not a priority for deportation.”Trump has proposed creating a pathway to citizenship for up to 1.8 million immigrants covered by DACA who might potentially qualify for its protections.In exchange, Trump wants $25 billion for border security, including money to build his much-touted wall along the U.S.-Mexico border. He also wants to curb legal immigration, restricting the relatives that legal immigrants could sponsor for citizenship and ending a lottery that distributes visas to people from diverse places like Africa.Democrats strongly oppose limiting legal immigration, and conservatives are against giving citizenship to DACA recipients. Trump’s bill has gotten little traction in Congress.Kelly said he doubted Trump would act unilaterally to extend DACA beyond March 5. He cited the administration’s argument that former President Barack Obama exceeded his constitutional authority in initially creating it.He also ruled out asking lawmakers to approve a short-term extension of the program. And he said he opposed one idea mentioned in the Capitol as a possible fallback should talks on a broader bipartisan compromise fail — a one-year extension of DACA in exchange for a year’s worth of money for border security, including for building Trump’s wall.“I would certainly advise against it,” Kelly said. “I would advise against it, I’m not the president.”Trump said last September that he was ending the DACA program, complaining that Obama had overstepped his legal authority in creating it.But while his 2016 election campaign was laced with anti-immigrant remarks, he’s expressed sympathy for the Dreamers and he gave Congress until March 5 to pass legislation protecting them.last_img read more

first_imgSony Crackle is getting ready for some (non-U.S.) football: The streaming network next month will launch a short-form series hosted by the two soccer fanatics behind the “Men in Blazers” ahead of the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia.The “Rog & Davo’s Guide to Russia” series of 10 original shorts will air from June 11-13 on Crackle, the free, ad-supported service available in the U.S., Canada, Australia and 18 countries in Latin America. The shorts will be hosted by Roger Bennett and Michael Davies, the British duo known for the “Men in Blazers” series on NBCSN and podcast.Each of the episodes (running 4-6 minutes) will feature a specific country along with Bennett and Davies’ predictions for that team and their trademark high-brow humor. The episodes will highlight the following countries: England, Argentina, Portugal, Iceland, France, Belgium, Brazil, Spain, Germany and Mexico. Davies is the president of Sony’s Embassy Row production company, which is producing “Rog & Davo’s Guide to Russia” for Sony Crackle. Bennett, prior to co-hosting “Men in Blazers,” was a football columnist for ESPN and has made a series of documentaries on the U.K.’s Premier League football for NBCSN. Bennett also created “30 for 30” series “Inside: U.S. Soccer’s March to Brazil” for ESPN.To many Americans, Bennett and Davies represent the voice of soccer fandom, said Eric Berger, GM of Sony Crackle and Sony Pictures Television Networks’ chief digital officer. “As America prepares to embrace an incredible summer of soccer, we couldn’t be more pleased to connect Michael and Roger with our sports-minded audience,” Berger said in a statement.“Rog & Davo’s Guide to Russia” is executive produced by Bennett, Davies and Embassy Row’s Jen Simons.Watch the teaser trailer for the series: Popular on Variety center_img ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15last_img read more

first_img ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15 “Xuanzang,” a co-production between Eros and China Film Group, was China’s unsuccessful submission to the foreign-language Oscar category in 2016. The two companies have a slate of other co-ventures.Operating both ad-supported and subscription models, iQIYI claims to have 500 million monthly active users and 60 million regular subscribers. It floated on NASDAQ earlier this year and currently enjoys a $19 billion market capitalization. Popular on Variety center_img Leading Bollywood distributor Eros International has struck a content-licensing deal in China with streaming giant iQIYI.Eros described the deal as a content-licensing pact for Eros Now, its own streaming video platform. In a statement, it said that “Eros Now becomes the first South Asian OTT player to make inroads into the Chinese digital space.” Details were not available.In recent weeks, Eros has announced more advanced partnerships that expand the operation of Eros Now in other territories. In both India and Indonesia, Eros Now will be carried as part of the Mi TV platform operated by Chinese phones and hardware group Xiaomi.Indian films have enjoyed a surge of popularity in theaters in China, with “Dangal,” “Secret Superstar,” and “Hindi Medium” all becoming hits. Other efforts are being made to establish co-production films between the two neighboring but often rival countries.last_img read more

first_img ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15 Gateley exited A+E Networks’ Lifetime about a year ago. Prior to joining Lifetime in 2015, she was partners with Tony DiSanto in the DiGa production banner, which was behind shows including MTV’s “Teen Wolf.” (In 2014, Gateley and DiSanto sold the company to the U.K.’s ITV. Last year DiSanto and financier Matthew J. Bruderman launched Allyance Media Group, encompassing DiSanto’s production company, DiGa Studios, which had previously reacquired the equity interests in DiGa formerly held by ITV.)Before DiGa, Gateley was a programming exec at MTV where she created “Laguna Beach” and co-created and executive produced its spinoffs, “The Hills” and “The City,” and shepherded other shows for the cable net including “Jersey Shore,” “16 & Pregnant,” “Teen Mom” and “America’s Best Dance Crew.” Gateley had a previous stint at Lifetime prior joining MTV in 2003.At Spotify, Gateley is reuniting with chief content officer Dawn Ostroff, who was head of programming at Lifetime from 1996-2002, and Courtney Holt, head of studios and video (with whom Gateley worked when they were both at MTV).“I am excited to be back in the music/culture world to tell loud stories with my incredible team and to help invent new executions as I always have, but, most importantly, to join at such a transformative time at Spotify on the heels of the Gimlet and Anchor acquisitions,” Gateley wrote in the post. “I also get to work with Dawn Ostroff and Courtney Holt, both former colleagues and two of the smartest people I know.” Spotify has tapped longtime TV exec Liz Gateley, most recently head of programming at Lifetime, as head of creative development focused on original podcast content.Gateley will oversee Spotify’s original content development teams in New York and Los Angeles and the company’s expansion into podcasting including in comedy, sports, YA fiction and scripted, news/documentaries and additional music formats. She announced her new role Thursday in a post on LinkedIn.Her hiring comes after Spotify earlier this month launched a big new push into podcasting, spending almost $340 million to acquire producer Gimlet Media and services platform Anchor. The streaming-audio giant said it planned to invest up to $500 million in podcasting in 2019 (including what it paid for for Gimlet and Anchor).center_img Popular on Variety last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: Press Club Kolkata today condemned the brutal killing of renowned journalist Shujaat Bukhari, who was shot dead by unidentified gunmen outside his office at Lal Chawk in Srinagar yesterday. Joining the media fraternity across the country in protesting against the killing of Bukhari, club President Snehasis Sur and Secretary Kingshuk Pramanik in a joint statement demanded immediate arrest of the killers. Bukhari was shot at while disembarking from his car near the ‘Rising Kashmir’ newspaper office yesterday. Bukhari, apart from being the editor-in-chief of Rising Kashmir, was a veteran journalist and contributed to various newspapers and magazines across the country. His independent views were highly visible in social media also. Bukhari was respected as a courageous journalist propagating his independent views from the disturbed areas of the valley.last_img read more

first_imgJust when Google is facing large walkouts and protests against its policies, another consumer group has lodged a complaint against Google’s user tracking. According to a report published by the European Consumer Organisation (BEUC), Google is using various methods to encourage users to enable the settings ‘location history’ and ‘web and app activity’ which are integrated into all Google user accounts. They allege that Google is using these features to facilitate targeted advertising. BEUC and its members including those from the Czech Republic, Greece, Norway, Slovenia, and Sweden argue that what Google is doing is in breach of the GDPR. Per the report, BEUC says “We argue that consumers are deceived into being tracked when they use Google services. This happens through a variety of techniques, including withholding or hiding information, deceptive design practices, and bundling of services. We argue that these practices are unethical, and that they in our opinion are in breach of European data protection legislation because they fail to fulfill the conditions for lawful data processing.” Android users are generally unaware of the fact that their Location History or Web & App Activity is enabled. Google uses a variety of dark patterns, to collect the exact location of the user, including the latitude (e.g. floor of the building) and mode of transportation, both outside and inside, to serve targeted advertising. Moreover, there is no real option to turn off Location History, only to pause it. Even if the user has kept Location History disabled, their location will still be shared with Google through Web & App Activity. “If you pause Location history, we make clear that — depending on your individual phone and app settings — we might still collect and use location data to improve your Google experience.” said a Google spokesman to Reuters. “These practices are not compliant with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), as Google lacks a valid legal ground for processing the data in question. In particular, the report shows that users’ consent provided under these circumstances is not freely given,” BEUC, speaking on behalf of the countries’ consumer groups, said. Google claims to have a legitimate interest in serving ads based on personal data, but the fact that location data is collected, and how it is used, is not clearly expressed to the user. BEUC calls out Google saying that the company’s legitimate interest in serving advertising as part of its business model overrides the data subject’s fundamental right to privacy. BEUC argues that in light of how Web & App Activity is presented to users, the interests of the data subject should take precedence. Reuters asked for comment on the consumer groups’ complaints to a Google spokesman. According to them, “Location History is turned off by default, and you can edit, delete, or pause it at any time. If it’s on, it helps to improve services like predicted traffic on your commute. We’re constantly working to improve our controls, and we’ll be reading this report closely to see if there are things we can take on board,”. People are largely supportive of BEUC on the allegations they made on Google. However, some people feel that it is just another attack on Google. If people voluntarily and most of them knowingly use these services and consent to giving personal information, it should not be a concern for any third party. “I can’t help but think that there’s some competitors’ money behind these attacks on Google. They provide location services which you can turn off or delete yourself, which is anonymous to anyone else, and there’s no evidence they sell your data (they just anonymously connect you to businesses you search for). Versus carriers which track you without an option to opt-in or out and actually do sell your data to 3rd parties.” “If the vast majority of customers don’t know arithmetic, then yes, that’s exactly what happened. Laws are a UX problem, not a theory problem. If most of your users end up getting deceived, you can’t say “BUT IT WAS ALL RIGHT THERE IN THE SMALL PRINT, IT’S NOT MY FAULT THEY DIDN’T READ IT!”. Like, this is literally how everything else works.” Read the full conversation on Hacker news. You may also go through the full “Every step you take” report published by BEUC for more information. Read Next Google employees join hands with Amnesty International urging Google to drop Project Dragonfly. Is Anti-trust regulation coming to Facebook following fake news inquiry made by a global panel in the House of Commons, UK? Google hints shutting down Google News over EU’s implementation of Article 11 or the “link tax”last_img read more

first_imgJonathan PogrundContent security and middleware technology provider Viaccess-Orca’s EMEA director of sales Jonathan Pogrund will use his presence at ANGA COM to highlight Viaccess-Orca’s ability to support cloud-based delivery of TV Everywhere.Pogrund will participate in a technology panel to explain how a cloud platform as a service (PaaS) approach helps pay TV operators and content providers stay competitive in today’s evolving industry by enabling them to launch new services and business models for a wide range of end-devices with speed and cost efficiency, according to Viaccess-Orca.The technology panel will be moderated by Guy Bisson, Research Director at Ampere Analysis and will take place in Room B on Thursday June 9 at 14:45.During the session, Pogrund will provide an overview of the lessons learned using cloud for TV Everywhere services, based on the launch of Viaccess-Orca’s new Voyage – TV Everywhere as a Service (TVaaS). The session will explore the benefits, challenges, and approaches of relying on the cloud for OTT multiscreen delivery, highlighting monetisation opportunities and operational efficiencies that can be achieved with a cloud-based TV PaaS, according to the company. An outline of a simplified operational workflow that allows operators to manage, publish, personalise, and monetise content securely on multiple devices will also be provided.last_img read more

first_imgCanadian-born psychologist Jay Van Bavel likes Canadian beer.”I can’t say what it is,” he says, laughing, “I just love the taste.”When Van Bavel sips a beer from his hometown, there is a feedback between his taste buds and his brain. He’s reminded of his Canadian-ness, he feels more Canadian, and Canadian beer tastes better to him than other beers.So suggests a recent study in the Journal of Social Psychology, authored by Van Bavel, social psychologist at New York University and his colleagues. The researchers found that the stronger your sense of social identity, the more you are likely to enjoy the food associated with that identity.The subjects of this study were Southerners and Canadians, two groups with proud food traditions.The first experiment, containing 103 people, found that the more strongly someone self-identifies as Southern, the more they would expect Southern food to taste good, food like fried catfish or black-eyed peas.In a second experiment, containing 151 people, researchers also found that when Southerners were reminded of their Southernness — primed, in psychology speak — their perception of the tastiness of Southern food was even higher. That is, the more Southern a person was feeling at that moment, the better the food tasted.They found a similar result when taste-testing with Canadians, finding that Canadian test subjects only preferred the taste of maple syrup over honey in trials when they were first reminded of their Canadian identity.Van Bavel says that this study shows that how you feel while eating affects your perception of how food tastes. Food preferences, like identities, are flexible and can change based on your environment.”Southerners like Southern food, and that’s not really surprising, but that’s especially true when their Southern identity is activated,” says Van Bavel. “If you were to activate a different identity, someone might have different preferences in that moment.”The researchers are not entirely sure why this happens.One possibility is that people are more sensitive to the different dimensions of the food when it’s associated with their identity. Another idea is that familiar foods are self-affirming and therefore thought of as good.”It’s entirely possible that people will just import anything that reminds them of their identity as more positive,” says Van Bavel.The relationship between identity and food preference is not new. However, the use of priming to induce identity makes this study different from its predecessors.”Priming is like opening a filing drawer and bringing to your attention all the things that are in the drawer,” says Paul Rozin, food psychologist at University of Pennsylvania, who was not involved in the study. “You can’t really change peoples’ identities in a 15-minute setting, but you can make one of their identities more salient, and that’s what they’ve done in this study.”The study helps us understand how people make complex food decisions in society with a great diversity of options.And these food decisions start at an early age. Katherine Kinzler, psychology professor at Cornell University, recently published a study that shows that 12-month old babies prefer to eat a food when they see someone eat it who speaks their native language, as opposed to someone who speaks a foreign language.”I think they’re definitely looking out into the world and asking, ‘What is my in-group eating and what aren’t they eating?'” she says. “They’re learning about the cultural norms of food selection really early in life.”Understanding the link between food preferences and identity can help us to better understand why people eat what they eat, and a better awareness of the cultural dimensions of food choices can improve strategies to get people to eat healthier.”Instead of just trying to insert healthy objects into menus, you might have to re-market healthy foods around an identity to make them have an impact,” says Van Bavel. “Ignoring identity makes food and health problems harder to solve.”Nutritionist and personal trainer Erika Nicole Kendall, founder of the blog A Black Girl’s Guide to Weight Loss, thinks a lot about how to give nutrition advice that is sensitive to a person’s cultural identity. In her work, she encourages people to seek out their cultural foods.”When people are trying to eat better, going back to their culture’s foods is the best way to commit to what they’re doing,” she says, “because the commitment is more than weight loss or heart health – it’s also a commitment to their own roots.”Something as simple as a food pyramid has identity implications. The food pyramid most Americans are used to – a little candy on top, a lot of bread and grains at the bottom – reflects a mainstream American diet, but may not resonate with everyone. Japan’s food pyramid is a spinning top that highlights the importance of tea, and India’s food pyramid has a special section for pulses (think lentils).Identity is at the core of our food choices, whether we realize it or not.Kendall is an 8th-generation Southerner. She says she is continuously drawn to Southern foods and flavors, “I am always looking for ways to connect with different elements of who I am,” she says, “and with different elements of my culture and my country.”As a nutritionist, she encourages clients to seek out their family’s traditional recipes, and then works with them to find healthy alternatives that contain the flavors and textures of their cultural foods.”It’s good for you,” she says, “but there’s also meaning there.” Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.last_img read more

first_imgFebruary’s mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla., which left 17 dead and 17 more wounded, horrified people across the country, spurring student walkouts and marches in support of stricter gun control laws, including universal, comprehensive background checks and a ban on assault weapons. But gun debates in the United States have proven to be contentious and intractable. Even as thousands rally for new legislation, opponents contend that such measures won’t prevent determined criminals from obtaining a firearm and that responsible gun ownership makes communities safer.In charting a course forward, it is necessary to move beyond “people’s anecdotal opinions,” says David Hemenway, director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center. He and other researchers are analyzing data and conducting studies with the ultimate goal of informing public policy. It’s a tough task, in part because of a by now well-known piece of legislation called the Dickey Amendment, passed by Congress in 1996 with the support of the National Rifle Association. This amendment prevented the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using funds “to advocate or promote gun control.” It didn’t ban federally-funded gun research, but the legislation had a chilling effect: from 1996 to 2013, CDC funding in this area dropped by 96 percent.Against this backdrop, it can be easy to overlook an important fact: Research into gun violence has actually increased in recent years, rising from fewer than 90 annual publications in 2010 to 150 in 2014. Universities, think tanks, private philanthropy –even the state of California — have offered support. And in late April, governors from six northeastern states and Puerto Rico announced plans to launch a research consortium to study the issue. A December 2017 policy article published in the journal Science describes a “surge” of recent scientific publications.”The scope and quality of gun-related research is growing, with clear implications for the policy debate,” write the authors, a pair of researchers from Duke and Stanford. This research has generated significant findings about suicide, intimate partner violence, community health, and the effect of various state-level gun laws.A leading cause of deathMore than 36,000 people are killed by gunshot in the U.S. every year, making it a leading cause of death in the country, comparable to motor vehicle incidents. Among those deaths, nearly two-thirds are suicides. “A gun in the home increases the risk of someone in that home dying from suicide maybe threefold, and the evidence is overwhelming,” Hemenway says.A conventional view holds that if people really want to kill themselves, they will find a way to do it — with or without a gun. Yet the data suggest that households with guns do not differ from those without guns when it comes to mental health risk for suicide. Instead, the difference seems to stem from the fact that suicide attempts with a gun are usually fatal, unlike attempts with pills, for example. Putting time and distance between a suicidal person and a gun can save that person’s life.This line of thinking is supported by a study published in the Journal of Surgical Research, which found that states with weaker gun laws have more gun-related suicide attempts, which tend to be associated with higher mortality. Dr. Rodrigo Alban, a surgeon at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, and his colleagues analyzed data on nearly 35,000 subjects spanning 14 years. Almost two-thirds of the firearm suicide attempts occurred in states with the lowest scores for policies regulating guns from the nonprofit Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence — mostly states in the South and West. These states had little to no gun legislation, such as background checks, concealed weapons laws, and safe storage laws.Of course, correlation doesn’t imply causation, and Alban and his co-authors identify a need for research that pinpoints which particular laws have the greatest effect on reducing suicide attempts. But in the meantime, in light of these findings, they conclude that, “Efforts aimed at nationwide standardization of firearm state laws are warranted.”The riskiest gun ownersAnother route to reducing gun violence, academics suggest, is to identify risk factors that increase a person’s chances of harming themselves or others. Such individuals could then be considered for gun violence restraining orders. This was the logic behind the 1968 Gun Control Act, which specified narrow categories of people disqualified from buying or owning guns, including convicted felons and people committed to mental institutions. The 1994 Violence Against Women Act and the subsequent Lautenberg Amendment were written to bolster protections for victims of domestic violence.But these laws only apply to people who are currently or formerly married, live or have lived together, or have shared children. Susan Sorenson, a professor of social policy and public health at the University of Pennsylvania, finds in recent research that they fail to protect a growing portion of the population who are in dating relationships, who can be just as violent.A separate study led by Carolina Díez of Boston University assessed state laws and confirms Sorenson’s conclusions. Domestic violence homicide rates drop by 10 percent in states prohibiting intimate partners with restraining orders from owning guns and requiring them to relinquish them.Some states have gone a step further and passed so-called “risk-warrant” laws. In 1999, Connecticut became the first to pass such legislation allowing police to obtain a warrant to temporarily remove guns from someone who poses an imminent hazard to themselves or others. Dr. Garen Wintemute, an emergency room physician at the University of California, Davis Medical Center and director of the Violence Prevention Research Program, advocates for gun violence restraining orders based, in part, on a 2016 evaluation of Connecticut’s law.Wintemute points to individual cases where such laws would have made a difference: “The Parkland shooter was making all kinds of public pronouncements,” he says. “A gun violence restraining order would’ve allowed his family or law enforcement to go to a judge and get an order that would’ve gotten that gun taken away from him and prevented the shooting.”The remaining research gapFollowing the barrage of nearly daily shootings, some researchers have begun to call for a community-wide approach, rather than only focusing on high-risk individuals. Charles Branas, an epidemiologist at Columbia University, says that poverty can contribute to gun violence within communities.In their latest research, Branas and his colleagues examined hundreds of vacant land plots and abandoned buildings in U.S. cities, with a focus on Philadelphia. These abandoned spaces, like old parking lots and homes, often become places to store illegal firearms. Millions of people live near and walk by these spaces, which can cause community members to feel unsafe or stressed. Using a randomized control design, Branas found that interventions such as planting trees and plants and boarding up windows and doors can make a difference.”Gun violence can be sustainably reduced in poor neighborhoods of those cities by as much as 29 percent,” he says. “These cost peanuts. The return on investment is very high, because shootings are very expensive events.”For all the progress made in gun violence research, gaps still remain. In March, the RAND Corporation released a meta-analysis of thousands of studies published since 2003. The report states that, “Federal funding for research on gun-related mortality is far below levels for other sources of mortality in the United States.” As a result, more research is warranted in virtually all aspects of gun control policy, including on officer-involved shootings, defensive gun use, gun-free zones, the gun industry, and lost or stolen firearms, to name a few.The latest federal budget, passed by Congress and signed by President Trump in March, may offer some assistance, as it technically allows the CDC to fund research on gun violence. It doesn’t reverse the Dickey Amendment, however, and CDC officials may still face resistance when trying to support such research. In any case, it’s ultimately up to lawmakers — and the public they answer to — to determine how to balance Second Amendment rights with scientific data.”Hopefully these policy debates have some science behind them,” Hemenway says. “Everything we learn should matter and should have an effect.”Ramin Skibba is an astrophysicist turned science writer based in San Diego. He has written for Newsweek, Slate, Scientific American, Nature, Science, among other publications. He can be reached on Twitter at @raminskibba.This article was originally published on Undark. Copyright 2018 Undark Magazine. To see more, visit Undark Magazine.last_img read more

first_imgThe long-running breast milk vs. formula debate made headlines earlier this week.The New York Times reported that the Trump administration had tried to remove language from a WHO resolution that would, according to reporter Andrew Jacobs, “promote and protect breastfeeding around the world, especially in developing countries” and limit the promotion of infant formula.President Donald Trump tweeted his rationale for the U.S. position: “The failing NY Times Fake News story today about breast feeding must be called out. The U.S. strongly supports breast feeding but we don’t believe women should be denied access to formula. Many women need this option because of malnutrition and poverty.”Public health professionals have a different perspective: In poor countries, a mother’s decision about breastfeeding can be critical for her baby’s survival. That’s because formula carries special risks for low-income families.The first problem arises because powdered formula requires a dependable source of clean water, which is not available to some 780 million people, according to the World Health Organization. “In countries where women live in poor households with poor sanitation, it becomes a matter of life and death,” says Rafael Perez-Escamilla, director of Global Health Concentration at the Yale School of Public Health. “If the water is not clean, formula becomes a death sentence for the infant.”Even in the best of circumstances, formula feeding has disadvantages. According to decades of research analyzed and summarized in a 2016 Lancet series on breastfeeding, the harm caused by formula feeding includes increased risk of diarrhea and respiratory infections. In addition, according to the Lancet series, more than 800,000 formula-fed infants who die each year could be saved by breastfeeding mostly by reducing diarrhea, respiratory infections and malnutrition from diluted formula. Breast milk has been proven, over decades of research, to be unarguably the best nutrition for babies with its nearly perfect mix of easily digested vitamins, protein and fat. In addition, new research in the July 2017 JAMA Pediatrics has shown that beneficial bacteria from the mother colonize in the baby’s gut, helping the infant establish a healthy microbiome — bacteria in the intestine that help fight disease throughout life. Because the bacteria are unique to mother and baby, the establishment of the microbiome has been called nature’s first personalized medicine and cannot be replicated in formula.Harms from formula-feeding fall disproportionately on poor women in poor countries, says Perez-Escamilla, not only because of unsanitary drinking water but also because of poverty. Purchasing formula can use 30 percent or more of an impoverished family’s income, he says. “Then, women start diluting the formula to make it last longer,” he says. Drinking watered down formula leads to malnourishment, illness and even death. “And then, too, the money spent on formula is not available for other things the baby might need, like health care,” he says.No additional research is needed to prove that breast milk is the gold standard of nutrition for infants, says Dr. Adriano Cattaneo, an epidemiologist retired from the Unit for Health Services Research and International Health, Institute for Child Health “Burio Garofolo,” in Trieste, Italy.He has grown tired of pointing out and defending the proven benefits of breast milk for mothers and babies. “From a scientific point of view, carrying out research on the benefits of breastfeeding doesn’t make sense. Would anybody carry out research on the benefits of breathing, chewing, hearing, passing stool?” says Cattaneo.”The burden of proof should fall on those who propose alternatives to breastfeeding,” Cattaneo says in an email interview with NPR. “Formula feeding lags far behind … breastfeeding in terms of safety and benefits. So we should never talk of the benefits of breastfeeding. We should talk about the harms of formula feeding.”Cattaneo argued in 2007 in an editorial in the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health that research should center on effective methods to encourage and support women in breastfeeding. That was the goal of the resolution at the meeting of the World Health Assembly in Geneva in May.As for the belief that poor women who are themselves malnourished cannot adequately provide breast milk for their babies — that’s not true, says Cattaneo.”I’m very aware of the arguments from Trump,” says Perez-Escamilla of the president’s assertion that many poor women “need access to formula.””Many poor women are undernourished, and that spreads the notion that their milk is low quality and low quantity,” he says. “But their milk is still better than formula.”Cattaneo agrees. “When the formula industry says that mothers in low-income countries are too sick and malnourished to breastfeed, that is false. Breast milk is of excellent quality even if a mother is sick or malnourished. Quantity is also adequate, except in rare cases of terminal disease or very severe malnutrition.”There are few medical conditions and treatments that rule out breastfeeding, says Perez-Escamilla. Today, even women who are infected with HIV can follow the same recommendations for breastfeeding as uninfected women, provided they are on anti-retroviral therapy. “Women receiving some types of chemotherapy, or on some types of antidepressants or who are substance abusers should not breastfeed,” he says. “But overall, there are very, very few situations where she cannot breastfeed.”Nestle, along with Danone, Mead Johnson Nutrition and Abbott Laboratories, is one of the four leading corporations selling infant formula around the world.In 1977, Nestle’s formula practices made headlines when a boycott was announced in the U.S. in response to what breastfeeding advocates termed “aggressive marketing” of formula, especially in poor countries.Then and now, Nestle has defended its practices.In a statement emailed to NPR this week, Nestle said: “Nestlé strongly supports breastfeeding and has not wavered on this position. We have not, nor would we ever, lobby any governments — including the US government — to oppose breastfeeding policies anywhere in the world.”A study on industry practices by Save the Children finds that the top six formula manufacturers sometimes use marketing practices at odds with the code of marketing practices for infant formula drawn up by the World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of WHO. The International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes includes a call for no promotion of breast milk substitutes to the public, no gifts to mothers or health workers, no free samples to pregnant women or mothers and no sponsorship of meetings of health professionals. The report found cases of companies paying doctors to recommend their milk formulas and offering coupons, contests, gifts and other incentives to mothers to buy formula. The results are in line with earlier findings of ARCH, Assessment and Research on Child Health, an organization that investigates how foods for children are promoted. ARCH’s 2016 study of Tanzania, Cambodia, Nepal and Senegal found similar promotional activities by formula companies.”At the end of the day, it is the woman’s decision to decide how she wants to feed her baby,” says Perez-Escamilla. “It should be a truly informed choice on a level playing field. But that is impossible in low-income countries in an environment that is pushing them to formula feed.”Susan Brink is a freelance writer who covers health and medicine. She is the author of The Fourth Trimester, and co-author of A Change of Heart. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.last_img read more